Rococostyle in interior designthe decorative artspaintingarchitectureand sculpture that originated in Paris in the early 18th century but was soon adopted throughout France and later in other countries, principally Germany and Austria. It is characterized by lightness, elegance, and an exuberant use of curving natural forms in ornamentation.Making a Mint and White Rococo Costume - Part Three
The word Rococo is derived from the French word rocaillewhich denoted the shell-covered rock work that was used to decorate artificial grottoes. Several interior designers, painters, and engravers, among them Pierre Le Pautre, J. MeissonierJean Berainand Nicolas Pineaudeveloped a lighter and more intimate style of decoration for the new residences of nobles in Paris. Asymmetrical design was the rule. Light pastels, ivory white, and gold were the predominant colours, and Rococo decorators frequently used mirrors to enhance the sense of open space.
The Rococo style was also manifested in the decorative arts. Its asymmetrical forms and rocaille ornament were quickly adapted to silver and porcelainand French furniture of the period also displayed curving forms, naturalistic shell and floral ornament, and a more elaborate, playful use of gilt-bronze and porcelain ornamentation.
French Rococo painting in general was characterized by easygoing, lighthearted treatments of mythological and courtship themes, rich and delicate brushwork, a relatively light tonal key, and sensuous colouring. Rococo sculpture was notable for its intimate scale, its naturalism, and its varied surface effects. From France the Rococo style spread in the s to the Catholic German-speaking lands, where it was adapted to a brilliant style of religious architecture that combined French elegance with south German fantasy as well as with a lingering Baroque interest in dramatic spatial and plastic effects.
Among the finest German Rococo pilgrimage churches are the Vierzehnheiligen —72near Lichtenfels, in Bavariadesigned by Balthasar Neumannand the Wieskirche begun —54near Munich, built by Dominikus Zimmermann and decorated by his elder brother Johann Baptist Zimmermann.
In Italy the Rococo style was concentrated primarily in Venicewhere it was epitomized by the large-scale decorative paintings of Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. The urban vistas of Francesco Guardi and Canaletto were also influenced by the Rococo. Meanwhile, in France the style had already begun to decline by the s when it came under attack from critics for its triviality and ornamental excesses, and by the s the new, more austere movement of Neoclassicism began to supplant the Rococo in France.
The term Rococo is sometimes used to denote the light, elegant, and highly ornamental music composed at the end of the Baroque period—i.
The earlier music of Joseph Haydn and of the young Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart can thus be termed Rococo, although the work of these composers more properly belongs to the emerging Classical style. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.Subscribe to "Homedit" on YouTube to keep up with all of our videos and shows. Or is it a Rococo style sofa? Both of these furniture styles are beautiful and in demand, but do you know the difference between Baroque and Rococo?
Baroque actually refers to a particular period spanning from the 17th century until the beginning of the 18 th century. At this time, a style that originated in Italy around became popular throughout Europe and beyond. This is also the era when monumental staircases came into fashion — Wikipedia. Furniture from the Baroque era can be identified by its very ornate and luxurious look.
Intricate, elaborate and exaggerated decorations are characteristic and most often include flowers, leaves, and cherubs. Baroque furniture was highly detailed and overly ornamented, yielding an overall look is grand and lavish yet symmetrical and balanced. According to the Victoria and Albert Museum of London, Baroque era interiors were luxurious: Furnishings were upholstered in rich velvet and damask, framed by the gilt-wood and marquetry. The style remained fashionable until about Marquetry — Marquetry involves laying different-colored wood veneers onto the surface of furniture.
Furniture craftsmen learned this technique from French and Dutch cabinet-makers. A tasseled cloth motif, called a lambrequin, is one of the most commonly seen.
The French were the main adopters of the Baroque style. In this era, great furniture designers and cabinet-makers thrived. Andre Charles Boulle was the cabinet-maker to King Louis XIV and was one of the greatest artists in the field of inlaying ebony wood with tortoise shell, brass and other metals.
He created the magnificent pieces that we have come to know as belonging to the Baroque Louis XIV age. Originally, Baroque era furniture had turned or pedestal feet, and later curved legs.
This is the period when small, round and oblong tables and consoles became common, according to the museum. Chests and cabinets, many with inlaid wood panels, were very in vogue. Cabinetmakers predominantly used oak, walnut, chestnut, and ebony.
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Much of the ornamentation was done in rosewood, sandalwood, tulipwood, and other exotic woods.William Kilburn was born in Dublin inthe son of an architect. He was apprenticed to Jonathan Sisson, the owner of a linen and cotton printing factory, at Lucan near Dublin.
Most of his spare time was spent devoted to drawing and engraving, and devising patterns for chintzes plainwoven, printed or solid-colour, cotton fabricand copying the designs of others for his employer. When his apprenticeship ended, he moved to Bermondsey in South London, where he made a living selling his designs to calico printers. It was here that he became acquainted with the botanist William Curtis, who was impressed by his draughtsmanship and employed him to produce some of the plates for his book Flora Londinensis published — William soon left for a more lucrative career in the textile industry where he accepted a position as manager of a calico-printing factory at Wallington in Surrey.
After seven years he was wealthy enough to purchase the factory outright. Much of Kilburn's success and repute was undoubtedly due to the quality and originality of his designs. Most contemporary designs appeared crude in comparison to his fine detail and rich yet subtle colour. Charles O'Brien in his book The British Manufacturers Companion and Calico-Printers Assistant described Kilburn's patterns as "perhaps the nearest approaches to nature in drawing".
All Kilburn's designs use floral motifs, accessorised with leaves, shells, ribbons or architectural elements. Kilburn demonstrates great skill in pattern-making, disguising the repeat in both complex and simple designs. The flowers and plants are mainly executed in a naturalistic fashion, though identifiable species are mixed with the exotic.
Kilburn's most original and delicate designs are those which use a seaweed motif. The fine tracery of the seaweed is varied with coral, mosses, or skeleton leaves. His pieces of muslin chintzes sold for a guinea per yard, and he had the honour of presenting one of them, the sea-weed pattern, to Queen Charlotte — These beautiful and expensive fabrics were much copied, with cheaper imitations printed and marketed within just ten days of Kilburn's originals appearing on the market.
InKilburn led a group of manufacturers to petition Parliament for loss of earnings from these copies.
Despite this, there was a decline in the London trade as competition from Lancashire increased. The London companies failed and Kilburn himself was declared bankrupt in April Sadly, no existing textiles can be attributed to him with any certainty. Explore a selection of Kilburn's textile designs in our slideshow below:. Collections Rococo Explore. Explore the range. Background image: Design for printed textile, by William Kilburn, about — 92, England.
The top was crafted on a linen bodice that is laced at the back to ensure the perfect fitting of the manteau. The pattern's sophisticated color combination conveys an impression of an undefined yet very distinct color tone, which was very popular during the Rococo. The clothing has been designed based on an original cut and thus consists of a stomacher, a jupe and a It is made of a sumptuous silk-lampas fabric with the typical curved Rococo pattern of unique coloration and styling.
To show off this fantastic fabric we consciously decided This Rococo dress is based upon an original cut, which was obtained from the Snowshill Manor in England. The dress thereby adapted one of the rare original copies of Toile de Jouy. Toile de Jouy fabrics came up during the 18th century. They are made of cotton imprinted with pastoral scenes.
This dress also reveals the On the one hand the conceptual designs are based on warrants of apprehension of the famous German outlaw. On the other hand we relied on two contemporary illustrations: a colored stitch print that depicts the arrest of the The open front skirt is fixated through numerous Period: first half of the 18th century There are only little literature and few paintings — let alone originals — about dance dresses from this epoch.
Rococo textile designs by William Kilburn
The following suit is therefore based on the few existing paintings, drawings and porcelain figures. In this particular case it was our customer herself that tirelessly provided The embroidery of the cream-colored silk waistcoat repeats this green tone.
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Faded Rococo Roses in g Capetian Toile in basil The Dowager's Chinese R Faded Rococo buttercup. Rococo 2a. Hewitt Rococo Damask 1e. Rococo Rose Swag sorbet. The Elysee. Raspberry Rococo Paisle Royal Stewart Tartan Ro Gingham Rococo sorbet. Faded Rococo faded pink Antique Linoleum. Rococo Rose Frame in Pa Rococo column embroider Faded Rococo Roses in b Embroidered Rococo Mant Rococo Floral with tinyFrom Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.
Subcategories This category has the following 16 subcategories, out of 16 total. Media in category "18th-century textiles" The following files are in this category, out of total. Poland Wall hanging with coats of arms. Aksaray Kilim. Algerian - Turban Cover - Walters Artist, maker unknown, Italian? Azemmour embroidery, Morocco, 18th century. Balikesir Kilim. Bed hanging, part of AM Bed rug MET Bed valance, made by Hannah DawesMassachusetts,English printed cotton, c.
Bedcover AM Bedhanging MET Bizarre silk textile France c Border Greece18th century CH Brocade 6. Brokat 3. Cap streamers - Google Art Project Chambord Salle1 DetailTapisserie.
Chintz palampore Coromandel coast. Cologne, Cathedral treasury, liturgical robes01 cropped. Cologne, Cathedral treasury, liturgical robes Cord France18th century CH Cover India— CH Cover - Google Art Project.
Cover, Armenia, 18th century, Linen, silk, plain weave, embroidery cross stitchdrawnwork lace, Honolulu Academy of Arts. Damastservett - Livrustkammaren - Dress panel - Google Art Project. Embroidered and stuffed whitework quilt MET Embroidered bed curtain MET Embroidered Picture MET Flag MET Fo-dog mat, Xinjiang, 18th century. Fragment Indialate 18th—early 19th century CH Fragment - Google Art Project France, 17thth century - Velvet - Paris by was a city of narrow, noisy filthy and smelly streets surrounding the houses of wealthy owners accessed through alleyways, which were a public theatre where behaviour was shaped by inescapable promiscuity.
In the great outdoors the design of the day was all about creating a scene where the art of pleasure could be conducted. A gardener was not expected to spend hours pruning so everything was controlled. He was encouraged to allow trees and shrubs to throw out sinuous arching graceful branches and to let old clipped hedges soften through purposeful neglect.
Bright pretty flowers were meant to provide bursts of colour, and each were a deliberate aspect of its essential element, for that of delight and surprise. As women did not wear undergarments you can understand the look of pleasure on the face of the unknown nobleman who is celebrating the considerable charms of his mistress in The Swing, painted by French painter Jean Honore Fragonard He perfectly captured the mood of a new independent, rich, less discreetly immoral society who were clamouring for novelty and having fun.
A new decorative style emerged and became known as Rococo, as it writhed and wriggled its way into interiors all over France, Europe and England. The word Rococo derives from the word Rocaille, the name for the shell work and rockwork popular in garden grottoes during the reign of Louis XIV the Sun King.
The new style was delicately elegant, with a distinct preference for asymmetry. It was all about movement and above else it conveyed a mood and atmosphere of fancy, frivolity and fun.
Many of its designs were sophisticated and enchantingly pretty. A great deal of gold was required to highlight its use of bright clear colours. The strict disciplines of order he imposed was reflected in the symmetrical disposition of architecture, interiors and contrived landscaping style. He commissioned Parisian craftsmen to provide new and lavish surroundings and he set an example for that of a pleasure seeking lifestyle.
Architectural decoration in polychrome marble and gilt bronze gave way to painted and gilded paneled rooms whose design incorporated mirrors, chandeliers, sinuous lines, swags of flowers, gold, gold and even more gold with cute cupids, clasps and c and s scrolls. It is a rare rococo style survival because the French have always had a predilection for changing fashion.
Its beautiful boiserie, or paneled walls were composed of softly flowing sensuous shapes, which seemed to have no fixed points at all flowing rhythmically, just like the music of the times. This dressing table is filled with Mennecy porcelain, and fittings of lacquered boxes vernis martin silver and glass. It came from a marchand mercier who had brought the fittings for it c The Rococo style manifested itself in the decoration of intimate, luxurious, harmonious interiors that were a perfect setting for the enjoyment of a circle of intimate friends.
Poetry reading aloud questioned established mores, engendering intellectual discussion among friends and it became extremely fashionable.